ABAFT-Astern of; behind; at the rear of; toward the stern.

ABEAM-At right angles to the keel.

ADRIFT-Loose from moorings.

AFT-Toward or near the stern.

ASTERN-To the rear or behind.

BACK-To back a sail is to pull it to the windward side of the vessel.The wind is saidto back when its direction shifts in a counterclockwise direction; it is the opposite of veer.

BACKWIND-When the wind hits the ordinarily leeward side of a sail.

BATTEN DOWN-To secure or to make watertight.

BEAM-The point of a vessel's greatest breadth.

BEAM ENDS-A boat is said to be on its beam ends when it is knocked over onto its side.

BEAT-To sail to windward; tack.

BEND-To bend on sails is to attach them to the vessel, before hoisting, so they are ready for use.

BILGE-The inside of a vessel near the keel where water may collect.

BLOCK-A pulley; a frame enclosing one or more sheaves or rollers over which lines are run.

BOOM-A spar at the foot of a fore-and-aft sail.

BOOM CRUTCH (OR CRADLE OR CROTCH)-A prop that lifts the boom off the deck and holds it secure when it is not in use.

BOW-Forward part of a boat.

BROACH-A vessel broaches when it swings broadside to the wind and waves when running free.

BULKHEAD-A partition or wall below decks.

BUOY-A floating object anchored to show position.

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CENTERBOARD-A pivoted board-like device that can be lowered to provide lateral resistance to the water in shoal draft vessels.

CLEW-Aftermost corner of a sail.

COAMING-Raised protection around a cockpit.

COCKPIT-Space within the coaming where the helmsman sits.A self-bailing cockpit has drains to allow water to run out of it.

COME ABOUT-To bring the boat from one tack to the other when sailing into the wind.

DAGGERBOARD-KEEL-Heavy, board-like surface used to provide lateral resistance to the water, raised and lowered vertically.

DEAD RECKONING-Determining a vessel's position by the course sailed and the distance covered.

DINGHY-A small rowboat that sometimes is rigged with a sail.Also called tender or dink.

DOUSE-To take in or lower a sail.

DRIFT-The leeway of a boat.

DROGUE-A canvas bucket or conical-shaped device used to provide resistance in the water and slow a vessel or keep its bow pointed into the wind and waves.

DYE MARKER-Capsule of dye used to color a patch of water to help searchers find a boat or person.

EASE-To let out the sheet so as to relieve the pressure on the sail and possibly spill some wind.

ENSIGN-A national flag flow on a boat.

FEND-To push off.

FOOT WELL-Central area of cockpit designed to accommodate helmsman's feet.

FORE-In or toward the bow of a boat.

FORE-AND-AFT-Parallel to the keel.

FORESTAY-Wire used to support mast, leading to the bow.

FREEBOARD-The distance from the top of the hull to the water.

GAM-Visiting or conversation carried on between persons from separate ships at sea.

GENOA-Large, overlapping jib.Also called a genny.

GHOST-To make headway when there is no apparent wind.

GRAB RAIL-Railing, usually on cabin top, used as handhold.

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GREENWICH MEAN TIME-Time as measured at the meridian of Greenwich, England.

GUDGEON-An eye fitting into which the rudder's pintles are inserted.

GUNKHOLING-Shallow-water sailing and anchoring in out-of-the-way places.

HALYARD-A line used to hoist a sail.Also spelled halliard.

HATCH-An opening in a deck with a cover.

HEAD-The upper corner of a sail.Also, a boat's toilet.

HEAVE TO-To stop a vessel's progress by putting out a sea anchor or drogue, or hauling a headsail to windward.

HEAVING LINE-Line with a weighted end to facilitate throwing it ashore or to another vessel.

HEEL-The tilt, tip, listing or laying-over of a boat, usually due to the force of the wind.

HELM-The tiller by which the rudder is controlled.

HULL-The main body of a boat.

IN IRONS-A boat in the wind's eye which, having lost all headway, will not go off on either tack.

JIB-A triangular sail set forward of the mast.

JIBE-When running, to bring the wind on the other quarter so that the boom swings over.Also spelled gybe.

JIB SHEET-The line leading from the lower aft end of the jib to the cockpit and by which the set of the jib is controlled.

JIGGER-Another name for the mizzen or aft sail on a ketch or yawl.Such a sail was improvised on Tinkerbelle to help her ride better to a sea anchor.

KEEL-The backbone of a boat running fore-and-aft.

KNOT-Measure of distance;one nautical mile, 6,080 feet.Measure of speed:one nautical mile per hour.

LAPSTRAKE-Overlapping plank of a boat.

LAZARETTE-A stowage compartment in the stern.

LEE SHORE-A shore on the side of the boat away from the wind.

LEE SIDE-The side of the boat away from the wind.

LEEWARD-In the direction away from the wind.

LIFELINE-Line by which person is attached to boat.

LINE-Nautical term for rope used for riggings, anchoring, tying up, etc.

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MAINSAIL OR MAINS'L-The large sail set abaft the mast.

MAINSHEET-The line that controls the mainsail.

MASTHEAD-Top of the mast.

MOOR-To secure a vessel to an object such as a dock or buoy.

PINTLE-Metal braces or hooks upon which the rudder of a boat swings.

POINT-To sail as close as possible to the wind.

PORT-Left side of a boat, facing toward the bow.

PORT TACK-Boat sailing with the wind coming over the portside.

QUARTER-The after part of a boat's side; that part of a craft which is within forty-five degrees from the stern, known as the port quarter or starboard quarter.

RADAR REFLECTOR-Metallic contrivance which reflects radar beams.

REACH-Points of sailing between running and pointing close-hauled.Close reach, sailing nearly close-hauled.Beam reach, sailing with the wind abeam.Broad reach, sailing with the wind abaft the beam.

REEF-To reduce sail area by partly lowering sail and securing the surplus material to the boom.

RUBBING STRAKE-Outer plank of hull designed to protect hull from docks.

RUB RAIL-Same as rubbing strake.

RUNNING-Sailing before the wind.

RUNNING LIGHTS-Lights carried by a vessel under way.

SEA ANCHOR-A drag device (usually a conical canvas pocket held open by a metal hoop, but a canvas bucket in Tinkerbelle's case) used to keep the boat headed into the wind and waves while it is not under way, especially during heavy weather.

SECURE-To make fast; to tie or lock into position.

SELF-BAILING COCKPIT-A cockpit provided with drains to allow water washed into it to return to the sea.

SEXTANT-Instrument used to determine the altitude of the sun or stars used in navigation.

SHACKLE-A U-shaped piece of metal with a removable pin across the open end.Shackles are attached to the ends of a boat's halyards and used to link the halyards to the heads of the sails for hoisting.

SHEAVE-The wheel in a block or at the masthead.

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SHROUD-Standing rigging, usually of stainless-steel wire, running from the mast to the sides of a boat to support the mast.The masts' principal lateral stays.

SLOOP-A sailing vessel with one mast and one sail (a jib) before the mast.

SPAR-General term for masts, booms, whisker poles, etc.

STANDING RIGGING-The shrouds and stays and other rigging not moved in working the boat.

STARBOARD-The right side of a vessel, looking toward the bow.

STARBOARD TACK-Sailing with the wind coming over the starboard side.

STAY-Rigging, usually wire, used to support a mast.

STEERAGEWAY-The amount of a forward movement necessary to make a vessel's rudder effective.

STEM PLATE-The plate at the bow to which the jibstay (forestay) is attached.

STERN-The after part of a boat.

STIFF-A boat is said to be stiff when it is not easily heeled.

STORM SAILS-Small sails of heavy canvas for use in heavy weather.

STOW-To put away.

SQUARE SAIL-A rectangular sail attached to a spar suspended at the middle from a mast.

SWELL-The waves that continue after the wind that created them has changed in direction or vanished.

SWING THE BOAT-To rotate the vessel to check the compass on known courses.

TABERNACLE-A hinge at the base of a mast which allows the mast to be lowered easily.

TACK-The lower forward corner of a sail.Also, to sail to windward in a series of zigzags.

TILLER-A bar connected with the rudderhead and by which the rudder is moved to steer the boat.

TOPPING LIFT-A line attached at one end to the masthead and at the other to the aft end of the boom, which support the boom while the sail is being set.

TROUGH-The valley between the peaks of successive waves.

TRYSAIL-Small storm sail set in lieu of the mainsail.

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UNSHIP-To remove or detach.

VEER-Wind shift in a clockwise direction.

WAKE-The foamy path of disturbed water left behind a moving boat.

WATERLINE-The line painted on a boat's side indicating the proper trim.

WEATHER HELM-A sailboat in which the tiller must be pulled (usually only slightly) toward the wind to keep it on course.

WEATHER SIDE-Windward side of a sailboat.

WHISKER POLE-A light spar positioned between the mast and the clew of the jib to hold out the sail when running before the wind.

WINDWARD-Toward the wind.