TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

PAGE

 

PREFACE

iii

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION by Gene P. Veronesi

1

 

 

 

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

4

 

 

 

 

PART ONE: ITALIANS - THEIR HERITAGE AND CONTRIBUTION

 
 

 

 

1.

THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE AND WESTERN CIVILIZATION

7

 

 

 

 

The Italian Peninsula in the Fifteenth Century

8

 

Humanism

14

 

The Society of the Court, the Family and the Street

18

 

Woman

20

 

 

 

 

FOOTNOTES

26

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

27

 

 

 

2.

BOARDENING MAN'S HORIZONS

30

 

 

 

 

Italian Born Scientists

30

 

Scientific Contributions by Italians in America

38

 

Italian Explorer and Travellers

42

 

 

 

 

FOOTNOTES

53

 

 

 

3.

THE MOSAIC OF ITALIAN CULTURE

55

 

 

 

 

Art

56

 

Architecture

58

 

Music

63

 

Literature

68

 

 

 

 

FOOTNOTES

76

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

77

 

 

 

 

PART TWO : ITALIAN IMMIGRATION AND SETTLEMENT

 

 

 

 

4.

ITALIANS IN AMERICA : THE FORMATIVE YEARS (1600-1880)

81

 

 

 

 

Early Settlers

81

 

Philip Mazzei

84

 

Italians and the American Revolution

87

 

Fransesco Vigo

87

 

Italians and the Fomation of American Culture

89

 

Italians in the Business Community

89

 

 

 

 

FOOTNOTES

97

 

 

 

5.

THE DISTANT MAGNET: ITALIAN IMMIGRATION TO AMERICA (1870-1970)

99

 

 

 

 

Reason for Migration

99

 

Patterns of Migration

108

 

Statistical Information on Early Italian Immigrants

109

 

Occupations of Early Immigrants

113

 

Present Italian Immigration to America

115

 

 

 

 

FOOTNOTES

118

 

 

 

6.

ANTI-ITALIAN SENTIMENT IN AMERICA

120

 

 

 

 

Violence against Italians

127

 

Sacco and Vanzetti

134

 

The Quota System and U.S. Immigration Policy

138

 

The Catholic Church and the Children of Colombus

143

 

World War II

151

 

Post World War II and Cleveland

154

 

 

 

 

FOOTNOTES

159

 

 

 

 

PART THREE : THE ITALIAN COMMUNITY OF CLEVELAND

 

 

 

 

7.

THE ITALIAN COMMUNITY OF CLEVELAND : AN INTRODUCTION

163

 

 

 

 

Sources

163

 

Early Settlements

168

 

The "Chain of Migration"

174

 

The Hometown Societies

175

 

The Immigrant's Bureau in Cleveland

180

 

Big Italy and Hiram House

185

 

Little Italy

198

 

The Italian Churches in Cleveland: Roman Catholic and Protestant

202

 

Ethnic Mobility among Italians in Cleveland

214

 

Italians in the Professions during the Early Years

219

 

Poor Relief and Crime

229

 

 

 

 

FOOTNOTES

234

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

237

 

 

 

8.

THE ITALIANS OF CLEVELAND: PROHIBITION TO WORLD WAR II

240

 

 

 

 

The Issues of Prohibition and Crime

240

 

Italians and the Depression

248

 

Facism and the Italian American Community

250

 

Italian American Loyalty and World War II

262

 

 

 

 

FOOTNOTES

266

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.

ITALIAN FAMILIES, FESTIVAL AND FOODS

269

 

 

 

 

ITALIAN FOODS

284

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.

ITALIAN ETHNICITY IN CLEVELAND: YESTERDAY, TODAY AND TOMMORROW

297

 

 

 

 

From Traditional Neighborhoods to the Suburbs

297

 

Italian in Cleveland Politics

306

 

Italianta in Cleveland's Colleges, Universities and Schools

310

 

The Italian-American Media in Cleveland

312

 

Il Cenacolo

315

 

The Future of Italian Ethnicity in Cleveland

316

 

 

 

 

FOOTNOTES

321

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX I
Preparing an Italian American Genealogy

322

 

APPENDIX II
Resource Materials for Secondary School Teachers; Teaching the Italian-American Experience

334

 

 

 

 

TABLE A
Italian Immigration to the United States, 1820-1975

342

 

TABLE B
Italian Immigration to Cleveland

342

 

TABLE C
Federal Population Figures on Cleveland with Special Emphasis on the Italian Population, 1900-1970

345

 

TABLE D:
Distribution of Italian-Born Immigrants in Ohio by Decade, 1850-1970

346

 

TABLE E:
Native Born and Italian Born Clevelenders Receiving Public Assistance, 1874-1913

347

 

TABLE F:
Italian Arrests in Cleveland, 1870-1902

349

 

TABLE G:
Population Change in Italian-Born Resident by Census Tract, 1910-1970

351

 


 

TABLE OF ILLUSTRATIONS

 

 

 

PAGE

 

 

 

 

The Birth of Spring, Sandro Botticelli

6

 

Map: Reinessance Italy: A Patchwork of States

10

 

Portrait of Galileo - Anonymous from Colin A. Ronan, Galileo

29

 

Dante and his Book, Domenico di Michelino

54

 

Philip Mazzei

80

 

Lorenzo de Ponte

91

 

Arturo Toscanini & A. P. Gianini

95

 

Italian Immigrants entering New York Harbor, 1900

98

 

Ellis Island, 1923

105

 

Italian Immigrants, 1905

105

 

Map: Regional Map of Italy

107

 

The Lynching of Italians in New Orleans,Scribners Magazine, Feb., 1896

119

 

Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti

137

 

The Killing of Six Italians in the Main Yard of Parish Prison, Harper's Weekly, March 28, 1891

137

 

Gaetano Mileti's Groceries, 1910 (GPV)

162

 

Italian Organ Grinder, 1900 (WR)

171

 

Campanella's Banking House, 1910 (WR)

171

 

Matrice Club (WR)

177

 

Sons of Italy Hall (GPV)

177

 

Alta House (GPV)

179

 

The Melting Pot: Hiram House (WR)

183

 

English Languange Class (WR)

183

 

Map: Big Italy, 1930

186

 

Map: Big Italy, 1930

187

 

Aerial View of Big Italy (GPV)

189

 

St. Joseph's Church (GPV)

189

 

Italian Children of Hiram House(WR)

192

 

Italian Children of Hiram House (WR)

194

 

Map: Blue Rock Spring - Luna Park 1930

197

 

Map: Detailed map of Murray Hill

199

 

Aerial view of the Luna Park Italian Settlement (P)

200

 

Two views of St. Anthony of Padua Church (GPV)

203

 

Two views of Holy Rosary Church (GPV)

204

 

Map: Detailed map of St. Rocco's Community

206

 

St. Rocco's Church (GPV)

208

 

St. John Beckwith Church (GPV)

210

 

Christian Congregation Church (GPV)

212

 

Map: Detailed map of Collinwood Settlement (P)

215

 

Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, West (GPV)

217

 

Joseph Carabelli & Olindo G. Melarango (P)

220

 

Lake View Monumental Works (GPV)

224

 

Capt. Emilio Ardito, Count Buzzi Gradenigo, Dr. Gigi Maino, Dr. Cosimo Manzalora (P)

239

 

Muray Hill, 1938 (P)

242

 

Cleveland Fascisti Marching (P)

253

 

Colombus Day, 1938

257

 

Italian Family Potraits 1908-1977 (WR)

268

 

Banquet for Cavaliere Sattimo Mileti, 1939

273

 

Cleveland Americanization Poster (WR)

277

 

Presti's Bakery (P)

288

 

Carbo's Dolceria (GPV)

288

 

Selling Nuts for the Feast, 1930 (P)

292

 

The Feast of the Assumption (P)

294

 

Italian Cultural Gardens (GPV)

296

 

Gust Galluci Co.

300

 

Catalano's Stop-n-Shop

300

 

Alesci's (GPV)

300a

 

Mayfield Importing (GPV)

300a

 

Zannoni's Food Store (GPV)

303

 

The Roman Gardens Restaurant (GPV)

303

 

Colombus Day, 1955 (P)

305

 

Anthony J. Celebrezze

307a

 

The L'Araldo

313

 

Fr. Tamburri of Holy Rosary Church (P)

317

 

Bonaffini Imports (GPV)

319

 

Micelli Cheese Company (GPV)

319

 

Orlando Bakery (GPV)

319

 

Maps of Cleveland, 1910-1970 Illustrating Density of Italian Population

352

 

 

 

 

PHOTO CREDIT CODE

 

 

 

 

 

(P) The Cleveland Press

 

 

(WR) The Western Reserve Historical Society

 

 

(GPV) Gene. P Veronese

 

 

 

 

 

Unless otherwise noted.

 


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Last updated March 12, 2003